Empowering Words: 20 Best Inspirational Quotes for Women

The Power of Language: How Inspirational Quotes for Women Elevate and Inspire

Words have the power to shape our beliefs, fuel our motivation, and alter our perceptions of the world around us. Particularly for women, who have fought tirelessly across generations for equality, respect, and success in both the personal and professional arenas, the right words can serve as a beacon of strength and empowerment. Whether it’s warding off a case of the Mondays or powering through a tough negotiation, inspirational quotes for women often hit the mark in an almost uncanny way, resonating with shared experiences and lighting up the path to personal triumph.

Emerging research has underscored the uplifting effects that positive language and sayings can have on self-esteem and motivation. When women engage with language that speaks to their resilience and capability, it’s like a shot of espresso for the soul — sparking that “I can do this” feeling. The psychological impact can’t be understated; like putting on a pair of rose-colored glasses, an empowering quote can change the view from doubtful gray to blazing sunrise in an instant.

Navigating the Landscape of Female Empowerment Through Words

Historically, words have been both a sword and a shield for women’s empowerment. From the eloquent letters of Abigail Adams to the fiery speeches of suffragettes, language has always been at the forefront of the struggle for gender equality. In today’s digital age, inspirational quotes for women echo across social media, serving as modern-day mantras for empowerment and the ongoing journey toward fairness in every facet of life.

Quotes distill experiences and wisdom into bite-sized mantras that are perfect for that much-needed boost. They can turn the tide in the fight against internalized gender biases, acting as a powerful tool in the ongoing collective struggle for equality. Imagine, for every derogatory remark still lingering in the shadows, a hundred inspiring quotes shining bright, keeping us all marching forward.

RYVE Motivational Calendar Daily Flip Calendar with Inspirational Quotes Motivational Gifts for Women, Inspirational Desk Decor for Women, Office Decor for Women Desk, Office Gifts for Women

RYVE Motivational Calendar   Daily Flip Calendar with Inspirational Quotes   Motivational Gifts for Women, Inspirational Desk Decor for Women, Office Decor for Women Desk, Office Gifts for Women

$18.95

The RYVE Motivational Calendar is an elegantly designed flip calendar that gives a daily dose of inspiration with a thoughtful and empowering quote for each day. Perfect for any desk or office space, it encourages positive thinking and motivation with its diverse range of quotes from influential figures, authors, and thinkers. The calendar is carefully crafted to cater specifically to women, making it a unique and purposeful gift that celebrates and uplifts them. Each page boasts a simple yet chic design that easily blends with a variety of desk decors, adding both aesthetic appeal and daily inspiration.

As an inspirational desk decor piece, the RYVE Motivational Calendar not only serves as a daily reminder of inner strength and ambition but also as a conversation starter among colleagues. This calendar is designed to be hassle-free, with easy-to-flip pages and a sturdy stand that withstands the daily interactions of a bustling work environment. Its compact size ensures it doesn’t take up too much space, while still being visible enough to catch the eye and inspire at a glance. The high-quality paper and printing ensure that each quote is a pleasure to read and the calendar stays durable throughout the year.

Designed with the modern woman in mind, this motivational calendar is an ideal office gift that fits any occasion, whether it’s a birthday, promotion, or a simple act of kindness. It’s not just a calendar, but a daily affirmation of one’s goals and dreams, empowering women to stay focused and undeterred in their professional and personal happenings. With the RYVE Motivational Calendar on her desk, every day begins with a spark of inspiration and a reminder of the endless possibilities ahead. Not just functional, but deeply meaningful, this calendar promises to be a cherished companion for anyone who receives it.

Quote Author Significance
“What you’re supposed to do when you don’t like a thing is change it. If you can’t change Maya Angelou Encourages active problem-solving and a proactive mindset rather than complacency
it, change the way you think about it. Don’t complain.” and complaining. Inspires resilience and adaptability.
“No one can make you feel inferior without your consent.” Eleanor Roosevelt Highlights the power of personal agency and self-esteem.
“The question isn’t who is going to let me; it’s who is going to stop me.” Ayn Rand Promotes determination and self-empowerment.
“The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.” Eleanor Roosevelt Suggests that faith in one’s vision is crucial for success.
“Do not wait for leaders; do it alone, person to person.” Mother Teresa Urges individual initiative and personal responsibility in making a difference.
“A woman with a voice is, by definition, a strong woman.” Melinda Gates Emphasizes the strength inherent in speaking out and having a voice.
“Above all, be the heroine of your life, not the victim.” Nora Ephron Encourages women to take charge of their narrative and be proactive.
“I am not a product of my circumstances. I am a product of my decisions.” Stephen Covey Although not a woman, Covey’s quote has been widely used to inspire women in
taking control of their life choices.
Think like a queen. A queen is not afraid to fail. Failure is another steppingstone to Oprah Winfrey Conveys that setbacks are part of the journey to greatness and should not deter
greatness.” one from reaching their goals. Encourages a regal confidence.

A Harmonious Blend of Wisdom: Curating Impactful Inspirational Quotes for Women

In crafting a list of the 20 best inspirational quotes for women, a meticulous approach was taken. We were looking for the cream of the crop: statements that stir the soul, spark the mind, and inspire action. Diversity was key – after all, inspiration knows no bounds when it comes to race, age, or era. The goal was to represent voices that span from the hallowed halls of ancient wisdom to the fast-paced digital chatter of today, yet all embody the shared spirit of feminine strength.

Image 10349

Voices that Resonate: Presenting 20 Inspirational Quotes for Today’s Woman

  1. “What you’re supposed to do when you don’t like a thing is change it. If you can’t change it, change the way you think about it. Don’t complain,” Maya Angelou urged in “Wouldn’t Take Nothing for My Journey Now.” Her sagacious advice encapsulates resilience: when facing an immovable obstacle, transform your mindset instead.
  2. “No one can make you feel inferior without your consent,” Eleanor Roosevelt famously declared, asserting that personal perception holds the key to empowerment; it’s a rock-solid reminder to safeguard our self-worth against external criticisms.
  3. “Do one thing every day that scares you,” also attributed to Roosevelt, is less an exhortation to engage in reckless behavior and more a rallying cry for everyday courage. It’s the kind of nudge that reminds women to push boundaries daily.
  4. “I alone cannot change the world, but I can cast a stone across the waters to create many ripples,” said Mother Teresa, highlighting the monumental impact of individual actions. It’s an empowering reminder for women that small deeds can indeed drive substantial change.
  5. “The most common way people give up their power is by thinking they don’t have any,” declared Alice Walker. This is a potent wake-up call that challenges women to reclaim their inherent strength and refuse to be sideline spectators in their own lives.
  6. Words that Ignite Passion and Purpose in Women’s Hearts

    1. “The question isn’t who’s going to let me; it’s who is going to stop me,” proclaimed Ayn Rand. This quote is dripping with defiance, embodying the unyielding determination that characterizes many women’s paths to success.
    2. “You may encounter many defeats, but you must not be defeated,” reiterated Maya Angelou, reminding us that setbacks are a natural part of the course, not the end of the journey. It’s a beacon for persistence, particularly for women navigating the stormy seas of ambition.
    3. “When they go low, we go high,” Michelle Obama’s words have become a rallying cry in the face of adversity and negativity. It’s a mantra for maintaining grace under fire, and it has particularly resonated with women who face obstacles with poised strength.
    4. “Caring for myself is not self-indulgence, it is self-preservation, and that is an act of political warfare,” posited Audre Lorde. This quote has moved into the spotlight in recent years, urging women to embrace self-care as a profound and necessary act of empowerment.
    5. “The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams,” opined Eleanor Roosevelt. A cornerstone for ambition and optimism, this statement is like a trusty compass for women charting their course to uncharted territories.
    6. Paper Peony Press Affirmation Cards for Women Beautifully Illustrated Inspirational Cards with Positive Affirmations to Help with Gratitude, Mindfulness, Daily Encouragement and Self Care

      Paper Peony Press Affirmation Cards for Women Beautifully Illustrated Inspirational Cards with Positive Affirmations to Help with Gratitude, Mindfulness, Daily Encouragement and Self Care

      $15.99

      The Paper Peony Press Affirmation Cards for Women are a beautifully crafted set of cards designed to inspire and uplift. Each card features a unique, hand-illustrated design that celebrates the feminine spirit with a delicate balance of color and whimsy. With positive affirmations tailored specifically for women, these cards serve as a daily reminder of one’s inner strength, beauty, and capability. They are perfect for setting intentions in the morning, offering an encouraging boost during the day, and promoting reflection and gratitude in the evening.

      Integrating these affirmation cards into daily life can significantly enhance personal mindfulness and self-care routines. Users can choose a card at random or select one that resonates with their current feelings and challenges. The affirmations help to affirm positive self-identity, encourage emotional resilience, and provide motivation to tackle the day’s tasks with confidence and grace. The cards can be displayed in personal spaces as a constant source of encouragement or shared with friends and loved ones as a heartfelt gesture of support.

      Paper Peony Press has included a diverse range of affirmations to ensure every woman finds messages that speak to her unique journey. The deck is not only a tool for self-improvement but also an artistic keepsake that celebrates female empowerment and collective well-being. By incorporating these cards into their daily self-care practice, women can cultivate a habit of gratitude and self-love that spills over into every aspect of life. The Paper Peony Press Affirmation Cards for Women are more than just cards; they are a companion for anyone seeking to foster a positive mindset and embrace their personal growth journey.

      Echoes of Persistence: More Inspirational Quotes Fueling Women’s Journeys

      1. “I am no longer accepting the things I cannot change. I am changing the things I cannot accept,” Angela Davis’s declaration is a manifesto for activism and personal agency. It has been reverberating through generations, fueling causes and individuals alike.
      2. “We can do no great things, only small things with great love,” reflected Mother Teresa, embodying the power of heartfelt actions, no matter their scale. It’s a gentle nudge for women to realize the grandiosity in the petite gestures of life.
      3. “A woman is like a tea bag – you never know how strong she is until she gets in hot water,” quipped Eleanor Roosevelt. Often shared with a wink, this parallels the surprising resilience found in adversity, with women frequently emerging stronger than they ever imagined.
      4. “My mission in life is not merely to survive, but to thrive,” Maya Angelou stated with fervor, defining her—and by extension, every woman’s—quest not just for existence, but for a vivid, flourishing life.
      5. “Above all, be the heroine of your life, not the victim,” Nora Ephron echoed across time, imploring women to seize their narrative, steering it toward triumph rather than tragedy.
      6. Image 10350

        A Tapestry of Empowering Language: The Final Quintet of Inspirational Quotes

        1. “Imperfections are not inadequacies; they are reminders that we’re all in this together,” Brene Brown articulates the beauty of our shared human experience, underscoring the power of solidarity among women.
        2. “The most difficult thing is the decision to act, the rest is merely tenacity,” Amelia Earhart declared as she scaled the skies, leaving behind a legacy that inspires women to convert decisions into determined action.
        3. “Life shrinks or expands in proportion to one’s courage,” wrote Anais Nin. This is a clarion call for bravery, encouraging women to stretch the canvas of their life with bold, sweeping strokes.
        4. “Be a first-rate version of yourself, instead of a second-rate version of somebody else,” Judy Garland chimed in melodically, championing authenticity as the pathway to genuine achievement for women.
        5. “Power’s not given to you. You have to take it,” stated Beyoncé, an anthem of the modern age. It’s a blunt reminder for women to grab the reigns of their destiny and ride fiercely toward their dreams.
        6. Beyond Words: How Inspirational Quotes Shape Women’s Realities

          Moving from quotable words on a page to actionable philosophies in life, inspirational quotes for women have been used to galvanize generations, propelling them to greater heights. They have acted as lifelines for those in distress and marching chants for trailblazers breaking through barriers.

          Take the budding entrepreneur who, fueled by Alice Walker’s words, launched a groundbreaking startup focused on inclusivity, or a healthcare professional spurred by Mother Teresa’s message, implementing community health programs. These are not mere anecdotes; they’re confirmations that inspirational quotes for women translate into tangible impacts, reshaping careers and lives with their profound simplicity.

          RYVE Motivational Calendar Daily Flip Calendar with Inspirational Quotes Inspirational Gifts for Women, Inspirational Desk Decor for Women, Office Decor for Women Desk, Office Gifts for Women

          RYVE Motivational Calendar   Daily Flip Calendar with Inspirational Quotes   Inspirational Gifts for Women, Inspirational Desk Decor for Women, Office Decor for Women Desk, Office Gifts for Women

          $18.95

          The RYVE Motivational Calendar is an exquisitely designed daily flip calendar that serves not only as a reminder of the date but also as a source of daily inspiration. Each page presents a unique, powerful quote thoughtfully curated to motivate and uplift anyone who glances its way. This product is the perfect size for a desk, bookshelf, or nightstand, allowing for a seamless addition to any office or home decor. Crafted with a sleek, modern design, it complements a variety of personal spaces, making it a stylish piece of inspirational desk decor for women.

          Designed with the ambitious woman in mind, this motivational calendar is an ideal gift to inspire friends, family, or colleagues to start each day with a positive mindset. Its elegant appeal and empowering content make it one of the most heartfelt office gifts for women, perfect for birthdays, promotions, or just because. The sturdy construction ensures that the calendar stands upright and withstands the rigors of daily use, while the easy-to-flip pages allow for effortless navigation through the days of the year. Its perpetual format means it’s not tied to any specific year, ensuring longevity and endless inspiration.

          The RYVE Motivational Calendar goes beyond mere functionality, serving as a daily dose of encouragement that every woman deserves while tackling life’s challenges. Each quote is specifically selected to resonate with the aspirations and dreams of today’s dynamic women, providing a moment of reflection and empowerment with every flip of the page. Adding this inspirational calendar to your office decor or gifting it to a special woman in your life is sure to contribute to a vibrant, positive work environment. It’s more than just a calendar; it’s a companion to remind you of your capabilities and encourage you to live life to the fullest each and every day.

          The Timeless Echo of Empowering Words in Women’s History and Future

          From the diaries of Anne Frank to the tweets of modern-day influencers, inspirational quotes for women trace a lineage through history, offering solace and encouragement. As we consider their influence on future generations of women, it’s clear that their potency will only be amplified as digital platforms boost their reach and resonance.

          The enduring themes of these quotes touch on fundamental aspects of the human spirit that remain relevant regardless of societal shifts. In a world that’s constantly changing, these pearls of wisdom provide a steadfast reference point, a North Star for the female journey that transcends time.

          Image 10351

          Carving Out New Horizons: Reflecting on the Enduring Impact of Inspirational Words

          The lasting value of inspirational words hinges on their capacity to stir the heart and spur the will. For women continuing to shape this ever-evolving world, such empowering phrases are not just flowery language, but fuel for the persistent march towards progress.

          As we absorb the insights woven into each quoted line, they become part of our internal dialogue, urging us to reach higher, dream bigger, and stand firmer. Quotes like these are not just to be read—they’re to be lived, becoming interwoven with the fabric of our daily existence and guiding us toward a horizon of endless possibility.

          Innovative Wrap-Up: Igniting a Legacy of Inspiration, One Quote at a Time

          Reminiscing the transformative journey we’ve embarked upon in this article, we are reminded of the formidable power of the 20 inspirational quotes for women dissected here. Each quote is a bastion of motivation, a pearl of wisdom in the vast ocean of discourse that taps into the wellspring of female courage and tenacity.

          And so, dear readers, I implore you to continue the legacy of sharing these empowering words. Whether through the empowering storytelling of “Fivel Stewart” or the leadership insights at Reactor Magazine, let us contribute to a cycle of inspiration that galvanizes the spirit of women around the globe. Stay nourished in this journey with a helping hand from “Enfamil,” and remember that while owning one’s space may seem as daunting as “NC Squatters Rights,” knowing where to shop for the best deals, like at “Rogers Sporting Goods,” can equally impact our daily triumphs. This collection of inspirational quotes for women that we’ve just sifted through is more than a mere compilation; it’s a beacon, a guide, and an affirmation to each and every one of us. Let’s bask in their wisdom, shall we?

          Empowering Trivia: Quotable Wisdom for Women

          Did You Know?

          Ah, quotes! Those nifty little nuggets of wisdom that can perk us up faster than a double shot of espresso on a Monday morning. But before we dive into the fabulous world of inspirational quotes for women, let’s warm up our brains with some quirky facts and tidbits that might just blow your mind—or at least give you a fun fact to share at your next virtual hangout.

          A Legacy of Leadership

          Alright, ladies, who runs the world? Well, if we’re talking about leadership Quotes, we’ve got a treasure trove of them. But did you know that the concept of leadership has been around way before Beyoncé told us who’s in charge? Ancient philosophers like Plato and Aristotle were already pondering what makes a great leader. Today, we’ve evolved from philosophical debates to Pinterest boards brimming with snazzy quotes that can turn any wallflower into a leader of the pack. Ready to find your inner commander-in-chief? Buckle up and check out these empowering leadership quotes,( because when it comes to inspiration, we’re all about that equal opportunity.

          Movers and Shakers

          Get this: The first book ever written by a machine was about a woman. “Talk about girl power!” Fast-forward to the 20th century, and women like Maya Angelou and Eleanor Roosevelt have left us with phrases so punchy, they’ve leaped off the page and into the hearts of many.

          From Page to Stage

          And hey, it’s not just in books where these powerful one-liners shine. Picture this: You’re in the middle of a heated debate, things are looking grim, but then—boom!—you drop a quote so impactful, it silences the room. That’s the power of a well-timed, inspirational zinger. These bits of brilliance have also made their way onto stages at TED Talks, in graduation speeches, and even into the scripts of our favorite shows.

          The Science of Sentiment

          Now, hold your horses, because here’s a brainy tidbit: Researchers say that motivational quotes can actually change the way we feel. Yep, science backs up the idea that an empowering quote can give us the same kind of boost as a heartfelt pep talk. So, the next time you’re feeling low, remember that scrolling through a list of inspirational quotes isn’t just comforting, it’s practically a form of therapy!

          A Quotable Conclusion

          Let’s face it, throwing an inspirational quote into a conversation is like adding a cherry on top of a sundae—it’s the finishing touch that makes everything better. Whether you’re after that “I can conquer the world” feeling, or you just need a gentle nudge on a tough day, a well-placed word of encouragement is worth its weight in gold.

          So, as we wrap up this little foray into trivia and facts, remember that the power of words is truly phenomenal. They can lift us, propel us and establish a community of women empowered by the collective wisdom passed down through the ages. Keep those quotes handy, because you never know when you’ll need to sprinkle a little inspirational magic into your day!

          Daily Affirmation Cards for Women Jar Wooden Hearts Pins with Inspiring and Motivational Fridge Magnets Positive Quotes Self Care B Day Mental Health Reminders Gift Idea for Friends Coworkers

          Daily Affirmation Cards for Women Jar Wooden Hearts Pins with Inspiring and Motivational Fridge Magnets Positive Quotes Self Care B Day Mental Health Reminders Gift Idea for Friends Coworkers

          $17.99

          The Daily Affirmation Cards for Women Jar is a beautifully crafted product designed to bring daily inspiration and positivity into your life. Each jar comes filled with wooden heart pins, each meticulously engraved with empowering messages to uplift your spirits. These affirmations are selected to resonate with women from all walks of life, serving as a personal cheerleader and a constant reminder of their strength, worth, and potential. Carefully curated, the phrases aim to foster self-love, motivate personal growth, and reinforce a positive mindset.

          Accompanying the charming wooden hearts is a set of delightful fridge magnets that feature a variety of inspiring and motivational quotes. These magnets are not only functional, allowing you to pin up important reminders or children’s artwork but also serve as a visual nudge towards positivity each time you reach for the refrigerator door. The vibrant colors and bold lettering chosen for the magnets are meant to capture your attention and provide an instant boost to your morale at any moment of the day. The ease of changing out the magnets ensures a fresh and meaningful quote will always be on display.

          This unique jar of Daily Affirmation Cards makes for an excellent gift idea, suitable for friends, coworkers, or any woman in need of a pick-me-up. It’s a thoughtful gesture for birthdays, special occasions, or as a token of appreciation, offering a personal touch that goes beyond conventional presents. Not only does it serve as a daily mental health reminder, but it also encourages self-care practices amongst your loved ones. By giving the gift of daily affirmations, you’re gifting a source of endless encouragement and a personal wellspring of positivity to someone special in your life.

          What is a positive quote to inspire women?

          Here’s one to kickstart your day: ‘She believed she could, so she did.’ Short, sweet, and packed with a punch, it’s like a shot of espresso for the soul, telling women everywhere to believe in their power!

          What is a powerful quote for a strong woman?

          For the woman who’s as unshakeable as a mountain, here it is: ‘May my heart be brave, my mind fierce, and my spirit free.’ It’s not just a quote; it’s a battle cry for the strong woman ready to take on the world!

          What are some uplifting quotes?

          Need a pick-me-up? Check out these gems: ‘The only way to do great work is to love what you do,’ ‘Every moment is a fresh beginning,’ and ‘Life is short, break the rules.’ It’s like a trilogy of hope, tailor-made to lift your spirits sky high!

          What are some short positive messages?

          Want a quick dose of positivity? Try these on for size: ‘Go for it now. The future is promised to no one.’ and ‘Do small things with great love.’ They’re like pocket-sized cheerleaders, rooting for you every step of the way!

          What are 3 powerful women quotes?

          When it comes to powerful women quotes, these three pack a wallop: ‘Well-behaved women seldom make history,’ ‘The future is female,’ and ‘Power’s not given to you. You have to take it.’ They’re like a trinity of truth bombs, telling it like it is!

          What do you say to empower a woman?

          Empowering a woman? Say this: ‘You are more powerful than you know; you are beautiful just as you are.’ It’s like slipping on a pair of confidence-boosting boots—perfect for strutting down the road of life!

          What is a short inspirational quote for a woman?

          For an inspirational dose in just a few words, consider: ‘Above all, be the heroine of your life, not the victim.’ It’s like a mini pep-talk, perfect for slipping into your mental back pocket!

          What is a strong resilient woman quote?

          Wanna hear about tough cookies? Here’s one about resilience: ‘She stood in the storm, and when the wind did not blow her way, she adjusted her sails.’ It’s that nudge to remind you, even when the going gets tough, a strong woman knows how to reroute!

          What is the best motivational line?

          If you’re hunting for the best motivational line, here’s the trophy winner: ‘Don’t watch the clock; do what it does. Keep going.’ It’s like having a personal coach in your corner, telling you to keep moving forward!

          What is a positive quote to lift you up?

          Looking for positivity? How about: ‘Keep your face always toward the sunshine—and shadows will fall behind you.’ It’s like a burst of vitamin D, sans the sunblock, for your mindset!

          What are 3 meaningful quotes?

          Craving meaningful quotes? Here are three to feast on: ‘In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity,’ ‘Turn your wounds into wisdom,’ and ‘Life is about making an impact, not making an income.’ Each one delivers food for thought that’s Michelin-star worthy!

          What’s the best short quote ever?

          The best short quote ever? Buckle up: ‘This too shall pass.’ Boom. Four words, infinite wisdom, it’s like the mic drop of ancient proverbs.

          What is a good mindset quote?

          For the mindset mavens out there: ‘The mind is everything. What you think, you become.’ It’s less of a quote and more of a recipe for life—just add positive thoughts and stir!

          What to text to motivate someone?

          Motivating someone via text? Try this: ‘Every day is a second chance.’ It’s like sending them a hi-five through the phone, letting them know today’s game is far from over!

          What is an encouraging text?

          Here’s an encouraging text to light up somebody’s day: ‘Believe in yourself, and you will be unstoppable.’ It’s the equivalent of slipping a turbo booster into their back pocket!

          What is a successful woman quote?

          A quote for the successful woman might go like this: ‘Success isn’t about how much money you make; it’s about the difference you make in people’s lives.’ It’s like a success smoothie—rich with purpose and satisfaction!

          What are 5 positive quotes?

          Need a handful of positivity? Try these five: ‘Dream big and dare to fail,’ ‘Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication,’ ‘Joy is found not in finishing an activity but in doing it,’ ‘All limitations are self-imposed,’ ‘Happiness is not by chance, but by choice.’ It’s like a high-five, fist bump, pat on the back, and two thumbs up—all wrapped into one!

          How do you inspire and empower women?

          To inspire and empower women, pass on this wisdom: ‘Lift as you climb, mentor as you grow, and shine to illuminate the paths of others.’ It’s the whole shebang – showing that empowerment is about sharing the ladder, not just climbing it.

          What is a valuable woman short quotes?

          Craving ‘valuable woman’ short quotes? This one’s gold: ‘A woman’s worth is not measured by her accomplishments, but by the courage with which she lives her life.’ It’s like a little treasury of truth, reminding women that bravery is priceless.

          Leave a Reply

          Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *